The idea of the Pharmaceutical started in 2002 and a lot of professionals, such as pharmacists, doctors, historians supported it. Part of the collection is today exhibited in a rood that has been bestowed for this purpose by the Kallimasia Cultural Association “Proodos”.
The museum's purpose is to preserve the island's pharmaceutical history, as well as material from all over Greece and abroad. The museum collects artefacts related to pharmaceutical history, such as books, advertisements, photographs etc. It has also acquired Anastasios Damvergis's archive, who was member of an old family of pharmacists. The museum also organises educational programmes for students.