Corinthia (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Κορινθίας, Κορινθία,
Korinthía) is one of the regional units of the region of Peloponnese. It is
situated around the city of Corinth, in the north-eastern part of the
Peloponnese peninsula. The capital is Corinth.
Corinthia borders on Achaea to the west and southwest, the
Gulf of Corinth and Attiki to the north, the Saronic Gulf to the east, Argolis
to the south and Arcadia to the southwest.
The Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the
Ionian and the Aegean seas, is about 4 km east of Corinth, cutting through the
Isthmus of Corinth.
The area around Corinth and the western Saronic including
the southeastern part are made up of fault lines including the Corinth Fault,
the Poseidon Fault and a fault running from Perahcora to Agioi Theodoroi. More
faults are near Kiras Vrysi and Sofiko.
The eastern coastlands of Corinthia are made up of
pastures and farmlands where olives, grapes, tomatoes and vegetables are
cultivated. The rest of Corinthia is mountainous. Its tallest mountain is
Kyllini in its west and the largest lake is Lake Stymphalos situated in the
southwest. The reservoir will become one of the largest lakes after its
The climate of Corinthia consists of hot summers and mild
winters in the coastal areas and somewhat colder winters with occasional
snowfalls in the mountainous areas.
The main sources of income are goods and services,
manufacturing, tourism and agriculture.
Notable attractions include Ancient Corinth with its
acropolis, Acrocorinth, the Corinth Canal, the thermal springs of Loutraki, the
archaeological sites of Nemea, Sicyon and the Heraion of Perachora.