200 AD.: Pausanias refers to the promontory of Cape Minoa.
375 AD.: Seismic activity turns half the promontory into an island.
588 AD.: Establishment of the Upper Town and the first fortification.
1000 AD.: (approximately) The Lower Town is built.
1147 AD.: Unsuccessful attack by the Normans of Sicily.
1193 AD.: Monemvasia is one of the largest towns in the Morea (Peloponnese).
1248 AD.: Siege by the Franks led by William de Villehardouin.
1251 AD.: Conditional surrender to the Franks by the besieged population.
1261 AD.: Return of the Byzantines, and 133 years of privileges and great prosperity.
1292 AD.: Pirate attack and looting by Catalans under Roger de Lluria.
1394 AD.: Rule by the Palaiologos dynasty of Mystras for 25 years.
1395 AD.: Temporary (three month) Turkish occupation.
1419 AD.: Temporary Venetian occupation (as protectorate) for 12 years.
1431 AD.: Return of the Palaiologos dynasty of Mystras (29 years).
1460 AD.: Under the rule of the Pope (4 years).
1464 AD.: First Venetian regime (76 years). Monemvasia becomes a densely populated urban centre.
1540 AD.: First Turkish regime. Forcible expulsions (150 years).
1690 AD.: Second Venetian regime (25 years).
1715 AD.: Second Turkish regime (106 years).
1821 AD.: Liberation after a four-month siege by Greek independence fighters.